V. Aspect particle le and modal particle leused together without a quantified object or duration between them indicates that the action has been completed. Such a usage is the same in meaning and function as one that takes only the modal particle leat the end of the sentence.


          kàn-le shū le. = kàn shū le. (Kàn is stressed.)  

          我看了书了。  = 我看书了。

I’ve read the book.