+ gěi + indirect object (+ le)

Pointing out the recipient of the direct object as a result of the action.


4.1       zuòyè jiāogěi lǎoshī le. 


  I have turned in my homework to the teacher.


4.2       zhèxiē shū màigěi jiù shūdiàn ba.  


  Let’s sell these books to the used-book store.


4.3       nèi jiàn hóng máoyī sònggěi le. 


            She gave that red sweater to me.


Note 1: If a sentence is to state that the object has been passed to a new receipient, the predicate verb must take gěi or a similar verb capable of introducing the receipient of the object. The construction is required in such a sentence. See 4.1, 4.2 and 4.3. Only verbs that imply ‘transfer’ or ‘transaction’, such as jiāo, sòng, mài, jiè, huán, , dài, chuán, etc. can be used with gěi and an indirect object in a sentence. Other verbs taking gěi may not be used in a sentence.


4A.      W3o xìn xiěgěi péngyou le. (Ungrammatical)


            (I wrote the letter to my friend.)


If the direct object is not definite, specific or known to the listener, and the speaker intends to simply point out what it is that has been transferred or to narrate what someone has done as one of the events that has happened, may not be necessary.


4B.       sònggěi Xiǎo Wáng zhī .  


            I gave Young Wang a pen.


If the direct object is definite, specific or something that the listener knows or understands, construction must be used.


4C.      sònggěi Xiǎo Wáng nàxiē le. (Ungrammatical)


  (I gave those pens to Young Wang.)