5. TRANSFORMATIONAL/JUDGMENTAL

+ chéng/zuò + indirect object (+ le)

Stating how the object has been or is anticipated to be changed, regarded, compared or judged.

 

5.1       Qǐng zhèi ge gùshi fānyìchéng Yīngwén. 

  请你把这个故事翻译成英文。

  Please translate this story into English.

 

5.2       dāngzuò zìjǐ-de háizi. 

  她把我当作自己的孩子。

  She regards me as her own child.

 

Note: Verbs such as chéng, wéi, zuò or zuòfollowing the predicate verb take an object to indicate how the direct object has been transformed, regarded, compared, labeled, judged and so on. They all require the construction. A common error students tend to make is to forget to use the construction.

 

5.3       Qǐng fānyì zhèi gùshì chéng Yīngwén. (Ungrammatical)

            请你翻译这个故事成英文。

           (Please translate this story into English.)