+ le

Stating what has happened to the object or how one anticipates it to be dealt with.


6.1       nèi ge hóng píngguǒ chī le.  


  He ate the red apple.


6.2       Bié yàoshi diū le. 


  Don’t lose the key.


Note: The modal particle le here has the underlying notion of liǎo ‘to finish’ (Po-Ching Yip and Don Rimmington 2004: p. 200). Only a special class of verbs can take nothing but le in sentences. These are verbs with a built-in terminal point. They are mostly verbs indicating actions which finish as soon as they begin, such as diū (lose), wàng (forget), rēng (throw away), (tear up), (wipe off), shuāi (break), (drink), qǔxiāo取消 (abolish), huán(return), and so on.