7. DATIVE

+ noun 2 /pronoun + (le)

Specifying the recipient of the object as the result of the action.

 

7.1       yǐjīng zìx2ingchē gěi Lǎo Wáng le. 

            我已经把自行车给老王了。

            I have already given the bicycle to Old Wang.

 

7.2       jiù yīfu sòng rén le. 

            她把旧衣服送人了。

            She gave away her old clothes.

 

7.3       xiǎng zhè jiàn shì gàosù . 

            我不想把这件事告诉她。

            I don’t want to tell her about it.

 

7.4       shèng fàn wèi gǒu le. 

            她把剩饭喂狗了。

            She fed the dog with the leftover food.

 

7.5       shuǐ jiāo huār le. 

            我把水浇花儿了。

            I water the plant with the water.

 

Note: Not all verbs can take these elements in sentences. Only verbs such as gěi, sòng, gàosù告诉, wèi, jiāo, tōngzhī通知, zhuǎngào转告and so on can take a noun or pronoun as the indirect object to point out the recipient of the direct object in sentences. These verbs usually imply transferring or passing something to someone else.