VI. Verbs which may not be used as the predicate verb in a sentence.

 

I. modal verbs:

 

i) some modal verbs denoting wish, desire or aspiration (表示意愿的):

 

yàowish/want (to)             xiǎngwish (to)                  yuànyì愿意willing (to)

kěnwilling (to)                   gǎndare (to)

 

ii) modal verbs denoting reasoning (表示对情理、事理判断的):

 

yīnggāi应该ought to            yīngdāng应当ought to         yīngought to

gāiought to                      děihave to/must

 

iii) modal verbs denoting judgement of possibilities (表示对主客观条件判断的):

 

néngcan/be able to           kěyǐ可以can                        nénggòu能够can

 

iv) modal verbs denoting permission (表示准许、允许的):

 

néngcan                           may                              kěyǐ可以may

zhǔnallow/permit              allow/permit                 bùdé不得may not

 

v) modal verbs denoting evaluation/assessment (表示评价的):

 

pèibe worthy of                zhídé值得deserve

 

vi) modal verbs denoting possibility/probability(表示可能的):

 

kěnéng可能possible             huìbe likely/sure to           yàobe about to

děihave to/must                néngcan

 

II. intransitive verbs (不及物动词verbs which do not take objects)

 

lǚxíng旅行to travel              hézuò合作to cooperate        bìyè毕业to graduate 

xiūxi休息to rest                   jiéhūn结婚to marry              etc.

 

III. some verbs of cognition, mentality or the senses (表示认知、心理活动或感官知觉的)

 

zhīdào知道know                  tóngyì同意agree                   juéde觉得feel

xīwàng希望to hope              yāoqiú要求to request          kànjiàn看见see

tīngjiàn听见hear                 etc.

 

IV. some verbs of direction (表示动作方向的)

 

láito come                       shànggo up                     jìnto enter

to go                            xiàgo down                      chūto exit

huíto return                      dàoarrive; go to                guòto cross

to rise                            etc.

 

V. some verbs of judgement, existence or state and ownership (表示判断 、存在和领有的)

 

shìto be                            yǒuto have                       xiàngresemble

zàito be at...                     děngyú等于equal to             chéngwéi成为to become

jiàobe called                     xìngbe surnamed             etc.