VIII. The structure of sentences

 

 

subject

adverbial

object

adverbial

predicate

consequential elements

李明

已经

你的书

走了。

Mng

yǐjīng

-de shū

dōu

n

zǒu le.

subject

adverbial

object

adverbial

predicate

consequential elements

1. n./n. eq.;

2. p. pron.

 

 

1. adv.;

2. adj.+(de);

3. v. phrase;

4. cover+n.

coverb

1. n./n. eq.;

2. p. pron.

 

 

1. adv.;

2. adj.+(de);

3. v. phrase;

4. cover+n.

1. v.;

2. stative v.

1. complement+(locative phrase/N 2)+(le);

2. reduplicated verb or its variations;

3. le;

4. noun 2 + le

5. zhe

 

Notes:

1. n.=noun

2. n. eq.=noun equivalent, etc.

3. p.pron.=personal pronoun, such as , , , wǒmen我们, nǐmen你们, tāmen他们, etc.

4. adv.=adverb, such as mǎshng马上, mi, b, etc.

5. adj.=adjective. (e.g. kui 快把 + noun + verb + ...; + noun + zǎodiǎnr早点儿 + verb + ...; rnzhēn de 认真地把 + noun + verb + ...; + noun + rnzhēn de认真地 + verb + ...; etc.)

6. v.=verb

7. N 2=Noun 2 (usually the indirect object)