CONSTRUCTION“字结构

 

I. What is the construction?

II. When to use the construction

III. The object after

IV. The elements after the predicate verb

1. S + + O + V + resultative complement (+ le)

2. S + + O + V + directional complement (+ le)

3. + zài + noun 2 (+ le)

4. + gěi + indirect object (+ le)

5. + chéng/zuò + indirect object (+ le)

6. + le

7. + noun 2 /pronoun + (le)

8. + de + complement of degree

9. + () + reduplicated verb

10. + (-le) + complement of frequency + (le)

11. + (-le) + complement of quantity + (le)

12. + zhe

13. (–le) + durational complement + (le)

V. Modal verbs and adverbials in sentences.

VI. Verbs which may not be used as the predicate verb in a sentence.

VII. Potential complements cannot be used in the construction   

VIII. The structure of sentences