D. The placement of the simple directional complement, the object and le.


1. If the verb does not take an object and the action has already been executed, the modal particle le indicating accomplished fact is used at the end of the sentence.



1.1     yǐjīng huíqu le.  


          He has already gone back.



1.2     Xiǎo Wáng jìnlai le ma?  


          Has Young Wang come in yet?



1.3     Háizi-men dōu lai le.  


          The children have all gotten up/out of bed.


2. If the object refers to a place, it is usually placed between the verb and the simple directional complement. In such a sentence, if the action has already taken place, the modal particle leis used to indicate that it is an accomplished fact. Leis placed at the end of the sentence.



verb + place + simple directional complement + (le)



2.1     huí lǎojiā qu le.  


He has returned to his hometown.



2.2     Xiǎo Wáng zài jiā. jìn chéng qu le.  


          Young Wang is not home. He is gone to the city.



2.3     Qǐng dào lóushàng lái.  


          Please come upstairs.


3. If the object is not a place, it is usually placed after the complement. When the aspect particle –leoccurs in this kind of sentence, it is usually placed immediately after the complement.



verb + simple directional complement + (-le) + (numerical measure word or other qualifier) + object



3.1     lái-le liǎng zhāng diànyǐng piào.  


          He came and gave us two movie tickets.



3.2     Qǐng gěi dài běn xiǎoshuō.  


          Please bring a few novels over to him.