II. Compound directional complements

 

A. What is the compound directional complement?

 

When the combination of a verb of motion and láior (see Table 2.) is suffixed to a verb to show the direction of the movement, it is called the compound directional complement. Compound directional complements are used in the same way as simple directional complements.

 

Table 2. Compound Directional Complements

 

Verb +

 

 

Compound directional complements

 

Verbs that indicate moving or transporting objects, such as bān (to move), (to take or bring), or sòng(to deliver, carry or escort), and body movements, such as zǒu (to walk) or pǎo(to run) frequently take compound directional complements.

 

shànglai

上来

come up

 

xiàlai

下来

come down

 

jìnlai

进来

come in(to)

 

chūlai

出来

come out

 

huílai

回来

come back

 

guòlai

过来

come over

 

lai

起来

get up

 

dào ... lái

...

come to

 

shàngqu

上去

go up

 

xiàqu

下去

go down

 

jìnqu

进去

go in(to)

 

chūqu

出去

go out

 

huíqu

回去

go back

 

guòqu

过去

go over

 

 

 

N./A.

 

dào ...

...

go to

 

The examples below show how verbs take compound directional complements:

 

 

1.       jiā mǎi-le suǒ xīn fángzi, kěshì wǒmen hái méiyǒu bānjìnqu.  

我家买了一所新房子,可是我们还没有搬进去。

My family bought a new house, but we have not moved in yet.

 

 

2.       chūlai běn shū. 

他拿出来一本书。

He took out a book.

 

 

3.       Qǐng zǒuguòqu kàn kàn shì shénme dōngxi. 

请你走过去看看那是什么东西。

Please go over there to see what it is.

 

 

4.       pǎoguòlai bāng xíngli. 

他跑过来帮我拿行李。

He ran over to me to help me carry the luggage.

 

 

5.       Zuótiān Xiǎo mǎihuílai tái diànshì. 

昨天小李买回来一台电视。

Yesterday Young Li bought a TV set and brought it back with him.